Volatility and Price Pressures Weighing on UK Exporters
15 Feb 2019
Published in: British Chambers of Commerce News
Manufacturing and services exporters expectations to increase prices rises compared to last quarter, according to latest International Trade outlook
The percentage of both manufacturing and services exporters who are expecting to increase their prices has risen in the past three months, as international traders struggle with the value of the pound and pressure from the cost of raw materials and other overheads, according to the latest Quarterly International Trade Outlook from the British Chambers of Commerce, in partnership with DHL.
The report, based on a survey of over 2,600 exporters, and export documentation data, shows that nearly half (49%) of manufacturers and 39% of services companies plan to raise their prices, up from 41% and 34% respectively.
Exchange rates continues to weigh heavily on the minds of businesses, with 69% of manufacturers citing it as a source of concern. Weaker sterling is also pushing the cost of raw materials up for exporters, with 84% saying that they are a source of pressure driving prices. For services, other overheads such as office rents is the leading source of price pressure (59%).
Elsewhere, the BCC/DHL Trade Confidence Index, which measures the volume of trade documents issued by Accredited Chamber of Commerce for goods shipments outside the EU rose by 4.06% on the quarter, and stood 1.03% higher than in the same time last year.
Despite these issues, however, many exporters remain bullish – 57% of both manufacturing and services exporters say that their turnover will improve in the next 12 months.
The survey results indicate the impact of Brexit uncertainty and wider global trade trends but also highlight issues in the domestic environment that are barriers to growth for UK exporters. With the UK’s departure from the EU becoming a vacuum for all of government’s resources and attention, the growing skills shortages show no sign of abating. The majority of recruiting businesses in both sectors struggled to find the skills they needed in the last quarter.
The leading business group is calling for an end to the Brexit logjam that has prevented parliament from finding consensus on the way forward and consumed all of Westminster’s attention. Government must provide long-awaited clarity on future trading conditions and then refocus on the fundamentals of the domestic economy to boost stability and confidence.
Black Country Chamber of Commerce Policy Officer said, Dan Turner said:
“Black Country businesses remain in the dark about what a future trading relationship will look like with the EU. Politicised discussions around Norwegian, Canadian or Swiss models do nothing to help West Midlands manufacturers, hauliers or service sector exporters counteract the challenges they currently face. Alarmingly, as March 29th approaches, a shocking amount of questions remain unanswered, from Customs, and Intellectual Property to trade agreements with third countries.”
“We are doing our utmost to support our members. We will be hosting the second in our serious of International Trade and Brexit events on March 20th. This session will see guest-speakers from BEIS and the Home Office outline what Brexit means for Black Country businesses.
“As Europe Direct Information Centre for the Black Country, we have great links to the EU Commission and a host of law firms who can help provide clarity on a range of issues. In our most recent West Midlands QES, completed in partnership with Greater Birmingham and Coventry and Warwickshire Chambers, a total Balance Score of 56 suggested fairly solid export conditions here in the West Midlands. However, the data from Q4 does show a slight downturn for firms reporting increased export sales, from 26% in Q3 2018 to 24% in Q4 and a marginal rise in firms reporting decreased export sales, from 11% in Q3, up to 13% in Q4.”
Hannah Essex, Co-executive director of policy at the British Chambers of Commerce, said:
“These are uneasy time for many exporters concerned by persistent uncertainty around Brexit and future terms of trade with key partners. As we approach 29 March, so many questions remain unanswered and with the unwanted possibility of no deal still looming, businesses are preparing the possibility of increased volatility.
“At a time when all of the cogs of government seem to be jammed by Brexit, issues crucial to the UK’s competitiveness and productivity have gone ignored. Business communities continue to shout about the scale of labour shortages, with four-in-five manufacturers reporting recruitment difficulties. Yet there has been little action relating to improvements in the UK’s training or skills system, nor has the government’s immigration blueprint delivered on calls for a system to provide easy access to skills at all levels.
“The government must urgently deliver clarity on the UK’s future after March 2019, and then immediately refocus on the fundamentals of the domestic environment. Removing barriers to growth at home is more important than ever at a time of such uncertainty and transition for our business communities.”
Shannon Diett, VP of Marketing at DHL Express, said:
“The increased trade confidence index, rising 4% on Q3 2018, indicates that despite the many difficulties, the resilience of British business remains, although businesses face pressure. This is in opposition to the Q3 results, which showed a decline on the previous quarter. There is also a very slight improvement year on year with an increase of 1% on Q4 2017. As the trade confidence index is a measure of trade outside of Europe, this indicates increased trade beyond the borders of the EU. We would encourage businesses to continue looking beyond Europe for opportunities, and ask the government to ensure trade deals are in place post Brexit to enable this successful trade to smoothly continue.
“The uncertain conditions have only increased as we moved into the first quarter of 2019. The lack of clarity is causing businesses to move into no-deal Brexit scenario preparations, which adds considerable additional cost to business. The impact this is having on businesses trading internationally should not be underestimated, especially when considered alongside the rising pressure of poor sterling exchange rates driving up prices, as reported in this outlook. Almost half (49%) of exporting manufacturers and 39% of exporting services firms expect their prices to rise, which is an increase on the previous quarter. A considerable 84% of manufacturers are experiencing price pressure due to the weaker pound pushing up prices. Resilience drives these businesses forward despite the considerable pressures, and we stand alongside them in seeking the clarity and resolution we all need surrounding Brexit. An end to the uncertainty is urgently needed to allow businesses to move forward and continue to compete on the worldwide stage.”
Key findings from the report:
- 37% of manufacturers and 29% of services saw an increase in export orders in the last three months, a slight pick-up from 35% and 24% respectively
- 18% of manufacturers and 15% of services sector firms saw a decrease in orders
- 69% of manufacturers and 49% of service firms are more concerned about exchange rates than the previous quarter
- 80% of manufacturers and 73% of services firms who attempted to recruit, struggled to find the right staff. This is up from the 76% seen in Q2 for manufacturers and 69% for services
- 84% of manufacturers cite the cost of raw materials as a leading source of price pressure, while 59% of services firms cite ‘other overheads’, away from raw materials, finance costs, and pay settlements
- 57% of both services and manufacturing exporters expect turnover to increase in the next 12 months
- The BCC/DHL Trade Confidence Index, a measure of the volume of trade documentation issued nationally, rose by 4.06% on the quarter and stood at the fifth highest level on record.
Image: Dan Turner, Black Country Chamber Policy Officer
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